Mazut M100 fuel oil | Mazut M100 (GOST 10585-75) – There are four different grades of Mazut M100 fuel oil. Very Low Sulfur M100, Low Sulfur M100, Normal M100 and High Sulfur M100 which is actually between the range of 0.005 and 0.035 sulfur content. The amount of sulfur affects how clean the oil burns, and in turn the emissions it creates, as well as the amount of buildup that accumulates within the engines and furnaces that burns it.
Mazut M100 (GOST 10585-75)
M100 prices are often determined by its point of origin and mode of production. Apart from shipping charges and regulations, product quality is considered to be more essential.
When petroleum is distilled, fuel oil is produced as a residue or distillate. Any fuel oil is a form of petroleum that is burned to produce energy or heat for running an engine. These are usually low quality oils that are heated in a furnace or boiler and used in a number of industries.
MAZUT is such a fuel and is typically used in generating plants and factories. Of course different plants have expected requirements and specifications of their fuel and this is why MAZUT M100/99 and GOST 10585-75 are produced according to industry ISO standards.
What Is Mazut 100
The process of extracting useful products from the distillation of petroleum is a complex and expensive process that yields a variety of petrochemical products. The process yields products with extremely long hydrocarbon chains.
Among the products that result are “alkanes” – which are also known by the terms “paraffins” or “saturated hydrocarbons” – compounds consisting of carbon bonded to four hydrogen atoms. Among the various structural isomers of alkanes that exist, one can find familiar products such as methane, ethane, propane, n-butane, isobutane, pentane, isopentane, neopentane, and hexane. When these compounds exist in a straight chain (where nonlinear isomers happen to appear), they are designated with the prefix n-.
We also find cycloalkanes in the process. These are alkanes with rings of carbon in their molecular structure. Like the alkane, they only have carbon and hydrogen in their structure. They are named by adding the prefix “cyclo-“ to the names of normal alkanes. For instance, the distillation process can yield cyclobutane. If there happen to be twenty or more carbons in a compound with carbon rings, then a chemist would generally classify this as a cycloparaffin rather than than a cycloalkane.
Aromatic compounds are also created in the petroleum distillation process. This is a compound wherein the delocalized electrons in a substance alternate between single and double bonds, which can occur with lone pairs and empty orbitals. The bonds in these compounds are something of a mix between the double and single bond, giving the ‘roaming’ nature of the electrons in this circumstance.
Combinations of the above yield what is known within the industry as ‘fuel oils’.
The fuel oil is a viscous, dark product that is often quite heavy, and is used as a form of commercial fuel. A good example of such fuel would be “mazut”. While this product is relatively unknown to the west, mazut 100 – the official designation for the standardized fuel oil – is widely used throughout Eastern Europe, Russia, and the Far East. The product is generally abbreviated as m-100, and it isn’t uncommon to see designations such as “m-100 mazut” in communications, shipping logs, and commercial documents referring to the fuel.
M-100 mazut is a specification that exists under GOST regulations – a set of standards for the Commonwealth of Independent States. In Russian, GOST (which here is adapted from Cyrillic) is an acronym for “State Standard”. The amount of energy contained within M-100 mazut is fairly remarkable for the amount of energy it generates (high British Thermal Unit, or BTU output).
Mazut 100 prices are often determined by its point of origin and mode of production. Aside from shipping factors – duties, regulations, and the like – this also relates to the quality of the product itself. Mazut comes in a variety of grades, ranging from “Very Low Sulfur” to “High Sulfur”, which each offer a range of sulfur content from one-half to three-and-a-half percent respectively. The former sort of mazut is fairly uncommon outside of Russia or the Commonwealth of Independent states. This is because it relies upon a crude source with low sulfur, and its relatively difficult production process.
Among the peoples of Russia, the Commonwealth of Independent States (better known as the ‘former USSR’ or the “Eastern Bloc” of Eastern Europe), M-100 is a well recognized institution. For those in the Far East – most especially China – odds are they might recall this thing if probed, but may not know exactly what it is. To the westerner, the designation “M-100” is entirely foreign, and probably means nothing at all.
Mazut M-100, short for the official designation “M-100 mazut” is a sort of heavy-grade fuel-oil that is extremely popular in Russia, the CIS, and China. The product is extremely attractive for consumers and industry due to the ease with which its more crude forms can be refined, the economical price of the product, and the availability of the product, which is often shipped in barrels labeled Mazut 100, or simply ‘mazut’ in some cases.